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POISONOUS PLANTS


Have you ever been worried that your horse maybe eating plants that could potentially dangerous to their health. Well, here is a list of the most common plants poisonous to horses.

A special thanks to my good friend BJ (BarrelRacer1999) for all the help she gave me on this page.

Foxtail Barley

Common Burdock

Rhubarb

Azalea, Rhododendron- Grow in milder climates. Produce variuos cardiac effects if eaten.

Castorbean

Tansy

Ergot

Fox Glove- Many varieties throughout the country. Cardiac effects.

Tobacco

Jack-in-the-Pulpit

Milkweed- Found throughou the US. Very unpalatable but very toxic. Causes sudden death from cardiac arrest.

Water Hemlock

Poison Hemlock

Buttercup

Stinging Nettle

Cocklebur

Marijuana

Jimsonweed

Spurges

Pokeweed

Kleingrass- Perennial found in Southwestern pastures and hayfields. Toxic in less mature form in early cutting days. Causes liver damage, colic, and photosensitization.

Bouncing Bet

Nightshades

Buckeye and Horsechestnut

Choke Cherry- Found throughout the US. Unusual growing conditions will increase toxicity. Produces cyanide when several parts of the plant are chewed together. Cyanide prevents the uptake of oxygen by the tissues. Death occurs within a few minutes, due to respiratory arrest.

Red Oak

Yew

Oleander- Found in milder climates. More palatable when wilted or dired, so horses may readily eat the clippings. Usually fatal because of cardiac effects. May also cause profuse diarrhea and sweating.

Caley Pea- Found in California hays. Toxicity only from ingestion of the seedpod for weeks to months. Horses seem to be in pain and carries itself hunched up, with much of it's weight on the forequarters. Later, rear limb gait abnormalties similar to stringhalt may develop, but pain resoves. Changes could be permanent.

Dumbcane (Aroids)

English Ivy

Catnip

Christmas Plant (Poinsettia)

Easter Lily

Lupine

Hoary Assylum- Found in the Northern half of the US. Frequent contamination of alfalfa and other hays, especially in poor growing seasons. Swelling of the limbs develop within a few days of ingestin. Horses recover when sourse of toxin is removed.

Fescue

Yellow & White Sweetclover

Alsike Clover

Red Maple- Problems well documented in the Red Maple, but occur in all maple trees. Ingestion of wilted leaves in the fall from downed branches causes toxic signs. The toxin produced causes a serious change in the chemistry of the blood. May lead to liver or kidney damage or to sudden death.

Larkspur

Dutchman's Breeches

White Snakeroot

Bracken Fern- Found in the Northwestern and Northern US to the upper Mid West. Still toxic when baled in hay. Ingestion neccessary for 1 to 2 months, before signs become visible: incoordination, staggering, severe muscle tremors, and wide rear stance. Lowers blood thiamine levels. Threatmeant with Thiamine may reverse symptoms if caught early enough.

Senecio, Ragwort

Green False Hellebore

Horsetail

Pigweed

Locoweed- Found throughout Western and Central US. Toxic at any time but requires weeks for ingestion. Horses become unpredictable, uncoordinated, has vision disturbances, may have trouble eating, maybe be alternately depressed and excited.

Mustards

St. Johnswort

Star of Bethlehem

Johnsongrass

Black Walnut- Problems occur when horses are bedded on black walnut shavings. Signs are laminitis, swelling of the lower limbs, and depression. Recovery is quick after the shavings are removed.

Black Locust- Tree found in the South Eastern United States. Very toxic when bark is striped and eaten. Signs include weakness, rear paralysis, colic, and depression. Can be fatal.

Black Nightshade- Found south of the Rocky Mountains. Entire plant toxic, especially the berries. Signs include weakness, depression, colic, and profuse diarrhea. Supportive care is very important.

Fiddle Neck- Common weed native to the Pacific Coast states. Several weeks of ingestion can cause liver damage. Signs sre related to those of liver disease and incluse weight loss, lack of appetite, depressin, uncoordination, colic, and swelling. Prognosis for recovery is poor.

E-Mail Me if you have any other plants to add to the list!



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